Any organization that aims to integrate security into its DevOps pipelines requires to opt some practices and DevOps tools that unite security teams, IT operations, and application development under a common DevSecOps rubric. DevOps plays an important role to eliminate the toxicity surrounding software security. DevOps are notable for changing the mind of a developer from adhering to rules and guidelines which serve as the basics to problem-solving in security. There are certain best DevOps practices that an organization should seek and employees should learn in order to implement DevSecOps.
There is a high for an organization to have a method for patching its systems in a quick and reliable way. It is not a hidden truth that missing patches result in certain vulnerabilities that allows the attackers to take advantage. In a nutshell, it can simply be assumed that the ability of an organization to patch in a quick way and at a scale can result in reducing the chance of attacks and number of security gaps.
Implement DevOps Secret Management
When it comes to the password and code, they must be separated in order to ensure that while they are not used, they are saved in a central password safe. One of the best practices here is to remove any embedded credentials tucked inside service accounts, scripts, files, and code. To have control over code, embedded keys, and files, the organization should be implementing the API calls. The outcomes of this, based on the policy in place, will allow the organization to rotate the passwords as often as possible.
It is considered a good practice to limit the system access based on the requested data, application, role of a user, and most importantly, the context. The network should be segmented which in other words is minimizing the line of sight of an attacker. The assets should be grouped into units that have no trust in each other. In certain events, there can be used jump servers with some session monitoring and authentication layers, especially when access is required to traverse trust zones.
Collaborating and Understanding Security Requirements
There is no doubt that a number of developers are required to follow a security policy. The matter of fact is that the policy can either be a compliance standard, corporate security policy, or customer security policy. The organizations are required to consider a relevant security policy in each case. The hidden fact here is in identifying and vetting the information sources to collaborate early and security expertise. The outcomes of this will allow you to understand your security requirements. Moreover, it will help you to incorporate those security requirements into your development cycle.
Embrace a DevSecOps Model
Unlike the ineffective one, effective DevOps security tends to demand buy-in and cross-functional collaboration for ensuring that the security considerations are integrated into each phase of development. As a matter of fact, DevSecOps will be seen entailing the cybersecurity functions and embedding governance such as vulnerability management, configuration management, code review, firewalling threat management, privilege management and access management (IAM) throughout the DevOps workflow. In case if the work has been completed in the right way, you probably have aligned security with DevOps and enabled the efficient release of products. On the other hand, it is also an indication of avoidance of costly recalls and fixes after releasing a product. In order to make this successful, everyone must be taking ownership of adhering to the security best practices.
Enforcement of Governance and Policy
Two of the crucial elements of holistic security to an environment are governance and communication. One of your foremost requirements would be to develop a code that is as per the requirements. In order to achieve this requirement, you will have to create a procedure that is not difficult to be understood by the team members and developers. Apart from this, you will have to create transparent cybersecurity policies on which all individuals are agreed.
Automating the DevOps Security Tools and Processes
There are some aspects without which you are not able to scale security to DevOps processes. The aspects include privileged credential, vulnerability management, patching, configuration management, and automated security tools for code analysis. Another benefit of automation is the minimization of risks that arise due to human error and vulnerabilities. You should be prioritizing the deployment of automated tools for identifying the issues with infrastructure and process, vulnerable or problematic code, and the potential threats. It must be considered that the closer you are able to match the security speed with the DevOps process, it results in making you less likely to face cultural resistance to the practices of embedding security.
Conducting Vulnerability Management
Whether an organization is globally recognized or is in the initial stages, there is a high need to scan, assess and remediate the vulnerabilities across and the development and integration environments before their deployment. A high consideration should be given to the penetration testing with some other attack mechanisms as it will help in identifying the weakness in pre-production code. The time when products are brought to the operational environment, one of the best practices at that moment of time is to run tests and tools against the production software by DevOps security. The outcomes of this will help in identifying and patching the exploits and issues.
Training of Developers on Secure Coding
As a matter of fact, when DevSecOps is adopted, there are undoubtedly a number of challenges that you will have to face. In that particular situation, the biggest challenge will be to get buy-in from your stakeholders. It must be considered that the teams of operations, security, and development pertains to have their own task and agendas. There must be proper training given to the developers to give a high value to secure coding. However, the time and investment required in this case is undoubtedly a big challenge. In certain cases, a developer is unaware of the fact that he/she is not coding in a secure way. As security is a non-negligible factor in any case, therefore, proper training must be conducted to have an overall good output.