The swollen, enlarged veins normally appearing on the back of knees, legs and extend up to the feet are known as varicose veins. There are chances for superficial veins to become varicose at any point in time depending on many factors. Many times these veins will be in a twisted form causing difficulties in the standing and walking postures. The different variations of the varicose veins are seen in people causing different kinds of difficulties. The mild variations are just considered to be a cosmetic level problem whereas problem creating ones generates aching pain and discomfort in the patients. Still, severe levels may bleed sometimes with a rupture in the vein that too unknowingly.
- Swollen or twisted veins
- Discoloration of the vein into blue or dark purple
- Swollen ankles
- Leg cramps during sudden activities
- Longer bleeding periods
- Feeling heaviness in legs during the night or after workouts
- Itching around the affected area
In the whole vascular system of the human body, the two main types of blood vessels help in blood circulation. The arteries carry out the poor blood from the heart to all part of the body and the impure blood collected from different organs are carried back to the heart by the veins. In order to circulate the blood from the lower body parts to heart, it has to flow against gravity and external help will be in need. So these pumping forces are the muscle contraction in the lower leg. There are tiny little valves in the veins which prevent the backward blood flow by opening and closing at appropriate time periods. Any damage to these valves will cause the backward blood flow and hence pool in the veins. Hence the veins may get tangled or twisted and you may end up with vein treatments.
- Thrombophlebitis: blood clotting in legs
- Chronic venous insufficiency – the inappropriate exchange of oxygen, nutrients and waste products through the blood.
As age increases the chances of appearance of the varicose vein are also increasing. Aging accelerates the wear and tear in the whole body tissues affecting the valve system in the veins too. All of these factors lead to a damaged vascular system.
Compared to men, women are more likely to affect varicose problems. The innumerable hormones present in a female body relax the veins. The female body undergoes through many cycles like menstruation, menopause, pregnancy, etc and there is the involvement of a lot of hormones. And the hormonal treatments will also cause a hormonal imbalance in the body.
In order to support the nutrients to the developing embryo and fetus, the number of blood increases. Just to support the increased blood flow, the veins get enlarged and common damage occurs to the valves in the veins. Irregular hormonal changes are common causes of varicose problems during pregnancy.
- Family history
Some researches show that there are more chances to have the varicose problems if any of your ancestors had this. So it’s someway related to genetics too.
The overweight always puts added pressure on the veins and ruptures of the veins are common.
Though the varicose veins can’t completely be prevented, the following practices may help to reduce it.
- Keep an eye on your weight
- Controlling the eating habits
- Keep away from high heels
- Lifting up the legs
- Don’t remain in the sitting or standing posture for a long time
If an individual is not suffered that much by the varicose problems it can be neglected. But severe symptoms, immediate vein treatment should be started. Different varieties of treatments are available for this difficulty according to the intensity of the problem.
The large veins cannot have any other simple remedy than the removal by surgery. General anaesthesia will be done before the surgery. Immediate discharge within one or two days is possible with this method.
This is basically an endoscopic process, in which a trans-illuminator is used to differentiate the varicose veins. The illuminator is passed into the skin through small incisions. Through the same incision with the help of a suction device, the varicose veins are cut and removed.
This process is normally preferred for larger veins and it radiofrequency energy. Through a small incision made above or below the knee, high-frequency radiations are passed to the vein through a narrow tube. This radiation breaks the walls of the vein and closes it effectively.
Identifying and treating the varicose veins at an early stage will be great. Knowing the causes and symptoms anyone can approach a specialist in this field and take the appropriate medications for that.